The traditional drum kit consists of a mix of drums (classified as classically as membranophones, Hornbostel-Sachshigh-level classification 2) and idiophones (Hornbostel-Sachs high-level classification 1, most significantly cymbals but also including the woodblock and cowbell for example). More recently kits have also included electronic instruments(Hornbostel-Sachs classification 53), with both hybrid and entirely electronic kits now in common use.
- A snare drum, mounted on a stand, placed between the player's knees and played with drum sticks (which may include rutes or brushes)
- A bass drum, played by a pedal operated by the right/left foot
- A hi-hat stand and cymbals, operated by the left foot and played with the sticks, particularly but not only the right hand stick
- One or more tom-tom drums, played with the sticks
- One or more cymbals, played with the sticks